How Solar Works: 3 Essential Things You Need for a Solar-Powered Home


How Solar Works: The 3 Essential Things You Need for a Solar-Powered Home

Any time you are choosing to make the switch to solar, there are 3 things you will need for it to run correctly.

It can be quite complicated, but we’re going to keep it simple because most of the people we work with don’t want to know-how. They just want to understand how solar works. 

You may be wondering:

  • How does all this stuff get on my home? What’s included?
  • What are they putting on my home when they install it?

There are three things.

  1. Solar panels.
  2. The inverter
  3. The conduit. The conduit is the wiring stuff.
We’ll break all of this down for you to help you understand how they all work together.

The Breakdown of How Solar Works

Let’s say you just enrolled in solar. You’re all good to go. The permits are in and it’s time to install. The install date comes up, and the installation team shows up to your home, and they get to work.

They’re going to have those three things I mentioned with them and some tools, of course, to install all of that.

Solar panels go on your roof, and they will put them in the array. The array is the design or the layout of how it was presented to you. When you first enroll in solar, you’re going to have a design plan that you and the city agree to, and then you get permits for it.

#1: Solar Panels

Firstly, the solar panels are what need to be installed on your home.

They have different equipment to get the panels attached to your roof safely, securely, secure from leaks, and all that fun stuff. There shouldn’t be any company out there that doesn’t have warranties and insurance that come with installing this on your roof.

Every company we work with, all of our installation partners have varying warranties and insurance plans, so you should feel safe that way. If there was ever any leak caused by that, they would take care of it and take care of the damage from that.

Solar Panels - How Solar Works

#2: The Inverter

Secondly, we have the inverter. We’re going to use the word “converter” for a second to better explain how it works.

The converters’ job is to convert power from the sun and put it into the panels. The panels bring it into this inverter. The inverters’ job is to turn it into energy that your home uses. That’s called AC to DC, like the old school band.

AC comes into the panels or is generated, and then DC is the output once it comes out of the inverter. That’s the inverter. It’s that box that they put on the side of your home. It’ll be close to your electrical panel that’s already existing. Primarily, that power comes through and goes to your inverter. That inverter converts it to DC power.


#3: The Conduit

Lastly, the conduit. That’s the wiring. In fact, that goes in between your panels and the inverter. That’s how they’re connected. That’s how the energy goes from your panels to the inverter. The conduit is just a fancy word to say it’s the piping that all the wires travel through.

Sometimes, they’ll do what’s called an attic run, which means they run the conduit through your attic. Not every home is equipped to do this. However, sometimes that’s a good idea depending on the design and layout. Any good solar company is going to tell you if that’s a better idea. But certainly, you can ask for it. It’s not required, but it is helpful for esthetics sometimes if you don’t like where the conduit might run if they didn’t do an attic run. 


Any time you are choosing to make the switch to solar, you’re going to have some solar panels installed on your roof, an inverter on the side of your home, and you’re going to have some conduit or wiring running.

It’s a pretty simple setup and almost sounds too good to be true.

This isn't a DIY project. Hire an expert!

A lot of people ask if they can do this themselves. If you think about it, it’s kind of funny. People who are handy can lay sheetrock. Both men, women, and even teenagers do a lot of home projects. The one thing that almost every one of them subcontracts out unless they have a history in it is electrician work because it’s so dangerous. It can start a fire or shock you to death.

This isn’t a DIY project where you can get up on your roof, connect everything, and do it yourself. Especially if you’re drilling holes into your roof. That’s why you want to hire professionals.

Solar installation companies are everywhere. There are thousands of them for a reason. You have to be an expert at doing something like that.

It’s pretty interesting and simple. It may not sound complex when there are just three essential pieces that go to a solar system, but to get it done and get it done right, it does take an expert.

Hopefully, this is helpful and you get a better idea on how solar works.


Thanks for reading How Solar Work: 3 Essential Things You Need for a Solar-Powered Home. If you’d like to know how many solar panels you’d need on your roof, check out this blog.

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